First-cutting timothy hay for export is harvested at anthesis stage (first heading). No hay fed, but ground feed. production can be increased even further, reaching production of about 3/4 acre of pasture per cow/calf pair. I've heard some really conflicting info about the average hay yields and cutting times for timothy and orchard grass. 5. Forage Realistic Yield Potential Crops Yield Units Realistic Yields/Acre Alfalfa tons 4-6 Bahiagrass tons 3-5 Bahiagrass with Legume tons 3-5 Clovers (all) tons 2-4 Common Bermudagrass (pasture) tons 3-5 Common Bermudagrass / with Legume (pasture) tons 3-5 Eastern Gamagrass tons 6-8 Hybrid Bermudagrass (hay) tons 5-6 endstream endobj 153 0 obj <>/Metadata 16 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 15 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/StructTreeRoot 18 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20080220132057)/PageLabels 13 0 R>> endobj 154 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 155 0 obj <> endobj 156 0 obj <> endobj 157 0 obj <> endobj 158 0 obj <> endobj 159 0 obj <> endobj 160 0 obj <> endobj 161 0 obj <> endobj 162 0 obj <>stream A Michigan State University Extension fertilizer demonstration in Chippewa County on old-stand, timothy/trefoil hay resulted in yields ranging from 1.5 dry tons per acre (no fertilizer) to 3.1 dry tons per acre (full fertilizer rate recommended by MSU Soil and Plant Nutrient Laboratory). “That ground may be better suited for hay production.” Brown says using 2019 numbers, it costs about $400 an acre to plant corn on ground that may yield 150 bushels per acre. Average yield was estimated at 2.05 tons per acre… Trial results indicate 20-30% yield increases over Clair, Climax and many other timothy varieties. He was talking about working the “carriage trade”, horse folks with extra money, They want small square bales, not 1000 pound round bales full of dust. Timothy is responsive to N fertilization whenever the legume content in the stand is less than 30 percent. one acre of hay will give you 200-250 bales per season. It is usually marketed to the horse industry at premium prices ranging from $75 to $180 per ton. Total Cost per Acre $113.88 $116.56 $108.37 $105.46 $103.45 Total Cash Cost per Acre $32.20 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 * Total costs for each pasture system and hay have been calculated to include ownership costs of machinery and land (including a return on investment) as well as a charge for labor. Estimated annual yields per acre are: Timothy-Legume Hay 7.0 tons Sweet Corn 9.5 tons Spring Wheat 90 bushels Sudan Grass Hay 7.0 tons Alfalfa Hay 6.25 tons Estimated average prices for crops to the farmer are: Timothy-Legume Hay First cutting Second cutting Sweet Corn Hard Red Spring Wheat Alfalfa Sudan Grass Hay $115.00/ton $85.00/ton Two in-season tools developed include a leaf tissue test and a chlorophyll meter test. 0000003194 00000 n Each day alfalfa harvest is delayed results in 5 pts RFV loss – at a value of $9.00 per acre (assuming $0.90 per pt RFV on 2-ton yield of first cutting). When timothy is the major component in hay, its stage of maturity affects both yield and quality. Yields are reduced during periods of drought. Since timothy’s root system only reaches 2 feet and most of the roots are in the first foot, recommendations for nitrogen and other nutrients will likely be different than other grass hay crops. Commodity Planted All Purpose Acres Harvested Acres Yield Production Price per Unit Value of Production in Dollars; HAY & HAYLAGE: HAY & HAYLAGE: 1,640,000 Guidelines: Export Timothy Hay Costs 3 4. Shannon Niebergs is an associate professor with Washington State University – Pullman. Timothy $ 2.72: 0: 0: 0: 4: 8: 1,234,000: Total Seed Cost per Acre: $ Total Seeds per Sq Ft:** **50-75 seeds per square foot are usually adequate for a good stand. in 1955 people would pay $0.50/bale of corn shucks, but would not pay $0.75/bale of alfalfa hay. Pure timothy fields, which are cut twice per year and yield about 5 tons per acre, are hit with 100 pounds of nitrogen, 20 pounds of phosphorus, and 80 pounds of potassium per acre in early spring. #��� �W8��� �#�^��e�v���v'Y1�k�d�]x�J-*Q�"e�fl��������;�E��?� Sprinklers are an excellent method of making in-season nitrogen fertilizer adjustments at a low cost. for use in hay and pasture mixes. A good year is 3 to even (rarely) 4 cuts. KY-Early provide more timothy per acre … And one of those cuttings of grass was pretty crappy due to lack of irrigation water. [4.0 tons x (100% - 15% moisture)] = 3.4 tons … For more information on what nitrogen rates to put on with SPAD, tissue testing or more information on these tools, contact Steve NorbergemailProtector.addCloakedMailto("ep_03f20806", 1);. Harvested area, at 37.2 million acres, was up 2 percent from the previous year. 0 Alfalfa Field (dairy quality hay) Equation: Estimated 4 tons per acre yield of 16% moisture hay at $200 per ton = $800 per acre value for all three cuttings; minus buyer’s cost of harvest and weather risk at $324 per acre assuming three cuttings (Table 1); equals the buyer’s maximum pay price: $476 per acre for three cuttings ($800 - $324 = $476). New hay farmers need to know exactly how many bales of hay per acre their farmland should be able to produce. startxref The SPAD meter measures how much red light at 650 nm is absorbed by the sample and how much transmission of infrared light (which is not visible) at 940 nm, at which no absorption occurs and gives a greenness measurement (SPAD unit). HERE locally hay can clear more per acre than corn or cotton. Create an open forum for industry discussion and an easy-to-read magazine of expert information about the forage industry. (This calculation assumes planting 16 pounds of seed per acre and keeping the stand for three years of production.) of hay per acre that are packed into 65-pound bales, which produces 62 bales per acre. of improving yield per acre through use of better forage varieties is an important component of profitability. Steve Norberg, Don Llewellyn, Steve Fransen and Shannon Neibergs for Progressive Forage Grower, Determining nitrogen needs in timothy hay production, Wheatlage becoming popular in the Texas High Plains, How a forage 'uh-oh' turns into award-winning haylage, AFIA releases updated Feed Manufacturing Technology in online format, Poll: Producers prioritize equipment investments for 2021, Improving bunk life improves your bottom line, What do you prioritize in the winter? In western Oregon, low productivity hay pastures typically average around 2 tons, or 4,000 lbs. Statewide, average alfalfa hay yields on dryland are about 1.2 tons per acre, and 3.4 tons per acre … Excellent fields might produce 7 tons per acre and bales might be packed tighter and weigh 85 lb each: 14,000 lb./ 85 lb. Production trends and demand. Apply 30 lb N per acre, :�k�/��D��; �6�&�N�mn�(ߒ���m�iu�HTC�c#�$�hlM�N� ���r�Y�����{��}¶Ytz�u#hmbW� �]/��ʈ�ڒ��l(Z���w#v�. The optimum nitrogen fertilizer treatment corresponded with a protein level of 9 percent in the hay at harvest. They receive an additional 50 pounds per acre of nitrogen after the first cutting. “Well, selling means cheap. ... Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. In the lower Columbia Basin, researchers have received yields up to 10 tons per acre per year in three cuttings, but most farmers get two cuttings and receive around 5 to 7 tons per acre per year. At a price of $3.50 per bushel for corn, he says that amounts to a profit of $129 per acre if there are no costs associated with the land. Previous research has shown that on corn, the nitrogen status can be instantaneously assessed in the field using soil plant analysis development (SPAD) units to determine optimum fertilization. Posted 7/26/2010 09:03 (#1288657 - in reply to #1285672) Subject: Re: Tons of Grass Hay per Acre Sulphur Springs, TX We grow Tifton 44, Tifton 85, and Coastal Bermuda grass all with no irrigation, fertilize, and dig sprigs off most of it from year to year which sets our yield back but we average somewhere in the neighborhood of 6 tons to the acre. Second cutting of timothy hay was under way off Sorenson and Badger Pocket ... processors and growers contacted said the first cutting appears to about average in yield, 4 to 4 1/2 tons per acre. Grass hay gross per acre this year= $1500. Hay is normally cut and baled twice each growing season. Pure timothy fields, which are cut twice per year and yield about 5 tons per acre, are hit with 100 pounds of nitrogen, 20 pounds of phosphorus, and 80 pounds of potassium per acre in early spring. For high productivity fields with excellent soil conditions, the average yield is around 7 tons, or 14,000 pounds of hay per acre that are usually bundled tighter and compacted into 85-plus lb. tons/acre, depending on the length of the growing season. In the West it may take 2 or 3 years, far longer than for timothy, orchardgrass, or tall fescue, before a smooth bromegrass stand has matured to a sustained yield. xref ... Table 1 — Dry matter yields, in tons dry matter per acre, of timothy seeded at three locations. ���k��F��=�*ؗ�,\>�`��(r l��$��B�\l�b� ��K��|��� z v����6������a!��x�� �ij��x-����)��b.�+8�=���l�8�!������=�h��Z�B����aW&�ҏ��p�/R�����}Q���Cn�;�������%ڙ��L�ǣV��[ ��W��g����ֲ�noX��ջ�$p��3�9��2������;��Z�Q�a���侼��)���=������>)�tB@�"�p4qVc.���g�+Y���7ͱpı+6�C�vP.�(�{_�_u!V�'�J�`�nY� ���=P `.���� ��#�.O���P��J��I26e�3�5�E�Q�U�$�j(}w�`��[V�U��DUS��� �d��" �~�� �'��q�yq�,�}ߴ�*�e��4�/=>���-Rf R9�_,���HT��)rTEe&��e��28��Y���W��]��>�Q�\U >(��桧�+�"zR� :�0 �e xؐ�)|������ It is important to realize that hay produced ... Lower yields and shorter stand life results in higher production costs of timothy hay, so it is generally appropriate only for high-value hay markets (such as the horse hay market). Hybrid Bermudagrass (hay) tons 5-6 Hybrid Bermudagrass / Legume (hay) tons 5-6 Lespedeza tons 2-4 Mixed Summer Perennial Grass (Bahia / Bermudagrass / Dallisgrass) tons 3 ... Nitrogen recommendations are based the realistic yield goal in tons per acre for the given forage and are given in tons per acre of nitrogen required. Neighbor has one horse on a 5 acre pasture, unfertilized, and it keeps up with grazing the grass down. Each day soybean planting is delayed results in about 0.5 bu/a lost yield – at a value of $2.5 to $3.00 per acre. 0000001221 00000 n It is one of the most productive cool-season grasses, tolerant to shade, fairly drought resistant with moderate winter hardiness. Common seeding rates are 3 to 6 pounds per acre when seeded alone and 1 to 3 pounds per acre when seeded in mixtures. It established a very nice dense stand-without much competition from other grasses. If the chlorophyll molecules are short of nitrogen, they exhibit chlorosis (less green and, ultimately, yellowing occurs). Annual rainfall total and 30-year averages for “wet” y These SPAD units are compared to an over-nitrogen-fertilized strip in the field and relative chlorophyll units (RCM) are calculated (field reading/overfertilized strip reading = RCM) with at least 20 measurements taken from both sites. This monthly publication is tailored for all segments of the beef industry and will consistently provide compelling features and photography, timely news, expert industry voices and entertaining commentary. tion, hay sold off the farm accounts for approximately $500 mil-lion of income to hay producers in the state every year. Trial results indicate 20-30% yield increases over Clair, Climax and many other timothy varieties. trailer Timothygrass hay is harvested at the end of June and early September with approximately 75 days between cuttings. One of these opportunities is hay farming. 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